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|Theories||Hacking I 22
Kuhn: Thesis: No sharp distinction between observation and theory - is not deductive, concepts are not precise - KuhnVsPopper: context of justification is inseparable from the context of discovery.
Kuhn I 22
Theory/Fact/Kuhn: scientific fact and scientific theory cannot be separated strictly.
Theory/Proof/Kuhn: Applications are not proof of the validity of a theory.
New Theory/Special case/Kuhn: arguing that the old theory is a special case of the new, any old theory could be immunized against criticism. - A new theory does not have to include the old. - Can Newton be deduced from Einstein then? - Substituting the parameters of Einstein in other equations, they are still Einstein's space, time and mass! - Mass/Newton: remains. - Mass/Einstein: is convertible into energy. - Newton's laws are not a special case of Einstein's because the fundamental structural elements change as well.
In order to be considered a special case, the old theory must be transformed.
Die Struktur wissenschaftlicher Revolutionen Frankfurt 1973
Einführung in die Philosophie der Naturwissenschaften Stuttgart 1996