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|Transformational Grammar||IV 203
Transformational grammar/Lewis: (here): no phrase structure rules as basis for each component.
Instead of assuming that its meaning is given. - Grammar: a way to encode meanings. - I.e. a relation between meanings and expressions is a representation relation that is determined by grammar.
Transformation/transformational grammar/Lewis: There are several phrase markers: pn is the surface structure. - p1 represents the expression relative to the lexicon. - p1 is a basic structure (below the deep structure!) - pn-1 and p2 are intermediary structures (these are the deep structure). - Transformation: local restriction of a phrase marker by adjacent phrase markers.
Transformation-free grammar: special case of transformational grammar: without limitation, the sequences consist of only a single phrase marker.
Deep structure/variables/Lewis: there are no more variables in the deep structure.
Transformational grammar/structure tree/Lewis: Simplification: verbal phrase: it is to be converted from the previously inferred category S/N to the current basic category VP. - NP: accordingly becomes S/VP - quantifiers: become (S/VP)/C. - Transitive verbs: become VP/(S/VP). - Lambda Operator: the category that contains the binders becomes VP/S.
Die Identität von Körper und Geist Frankfurt 1989
Konventionen Berlin 1975
Philosophical Papers Bd I New York Oxford 1983
Philosophical Papers Bd II New York Oxford 1986
Cl. I. Lewis
Mind and the World Order: Outline of a Theory of Knowledge (Dover Books on Western Philosophy) 1991