Philosophy Lexicon of Arguments

Elm/Beech example, philosophy: thought experiment of H. Putnam (Putnam, H. Reason, truth and history, Cambridge, 2008). The speaker cannot distinguish elms and beeches, but he knows that both are different trees. What is the status of his knowledge? Putnam draws the conclusion that meanings are not in the head. See also reference, knowledge, causal theory, meaning, thought experiments.
Author Item Excerpt Meta data
Putnam, Hilary
Books on Amazon
Elm/Beech Example V 37
Elm/beech/Putnam: reference without distinction - Reference: socially, not private - "elm" refers in my language to the same as with any other: to elms! Term not the same as reference - I just made no difference in the concept of a beech.
II 69
Elm/beech/Putnam: mental representations are floating descriptions, no meanings - mental representation does not specify the reference -> twin earth - no synonymity: French and German have different representations: Baum/arbre - representations have no intrinsic relation.

Pu I
H. Putnam
Von einem Realistischen Standpunkt Frankfurt 1993

H. Putnam
Repräsentation und Realität Frankfurt 1999

H. Putnam
Für eine Erneuerung der Philosophie Stuttgart 1997

H. Putnam
Pragmatismus Eine offene Frage Frankfurt 1995

Pu V
H. Putnam
Vernunft, Wahrheit und Geschichte Frankfurt 1990

> Counter arguments against Putnam

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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2017-03-24