Philosophy Lexicon of Arguments

Universal generalization, logic: under the condition that an arbitrarily chosen object x has a certain property F, one can conclude that every object has the property F. See also existential generalization, universal instantiation.
Author Item Excerpt Meta data
Lewis, David
Books on Amazon
Universal Generalization V 232
Probability/explanation/Peter Railton/Lewis: deductive-nomological model of probabilistic explanation. - One must distinguish it from Fetzer's model: for both are: covering law/Railton/Fetzer: universal generalization about individual probabilities. - FetzerVsRailton: as in Hempel: inductive, not deductive - Explanation: as argument. LewisVsFetzer: however: a good explanation is not necessary a good argument. LewisVsFetzer/LewisVsRailton: both want an explanation, even if the event is extremely unlikely, but in this case a good explanation is a very bad argument. - probability/explanation/Hempel: deviates from his deductive-nomological model.

D. Lewis
Die Identität von Körper und Geist Frankfurt 1989

D. Lewis
Konventionen Berlin 1975

D. Lewis
Philosophical Papers Bd I New York Oxford 1983

D. Lewis
Philosophical Papers Bd II New York Oxford 1986

LwCl I
Cl. I. Lewis
Mind and the World Order: Outline of a Theory of Knowledge (Dover Books on Western Philosophy) 1991

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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2017-04-26