|Understanding: the ability to give reasons for a distinction or to justify a selection of options. See also actions, meaning, knowledge.|
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|Understanding||EMD II 182
Understanding/compositionality/Peacocke: E.g. A single Russian phrase has been translated, so that we know "what Breschniev has said". - We do not understand this sentence, because we could not use the Russian words that we could perhaps not assign one-to-one to form Russian phrases ourselves - knowledge of what has been said, is not enough. - Compositionality: for conjunctions of sentences, we assume that if A & B are uttered, the speaker believes that q and that r - and it are common knowledge that the listener believes that the speaker ... etc. - For negation: that the speaker does not believe that p ... - in each case complete sentences that are bound in compound sentences.
Peacocke I 198
Thought/belief/understanding/Peacocke: if someone understands a sentence, it is ambiguous what thoughts he expresses with it (underdetermined). - The language is not rich enough - only the object is picked, not the intension.
Chr. R. Peacocke
Sense and Content Oxford 1983
G. Evans/J. McDowell
Truth and Meaning Oxford 1977
The Varieties of Reference (Clarendon Paperbacks) Oxford 1989