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Objective Probability / Cartwright: not the same as relative frequency. - o. prblty: so to speak the opposite of the apparent correlation. - the question what are the probabilities, is never based on causal considerations. - Nevertheless, causal statements can be reduced to probability statements if there are additional empirical facts (to secure the asymmetries). - Person / Cartwright: probability should remain theory-free.
How the laws of physics lie Oxford New York 1983