|Quine, Willard Van Orman
Books on Amazon
Beliefs and quotes can be understood as infinitely many different things (vagueness).
Indirect speech: Put oneself in mind state of the speaker, not a measure of accuracy (translation) - no objectively correct translation.
Spelling/Quine: dissolves the syntax and the lexicon of each content sentence and merges it with the language of the interpreter - it then has no more complicated syntax than e.g. the addition sign.
(3) (Ex)(Pirmin believes "x is a spy") - Quote: what is quoted in (3) is nothing more than the name of a sequence with twelve letters. The "x" in it has nothing to do with the outer "E.g." - therefore spelling - QuineVs propositional attitude de re.
Quote/Quine: any nonsense can appear as a quote within normal language - problem: then it is part of the normal sentence - then no longer possible to exclude it from the set of meaningful strings - solution: a) narrow the term normality b) narrow the term appear - problem: we have an interest in not limiting the strings on the already known.
Quote/Quine: does not necessarily destroy reference: E.g. "Giorgione" appoints a chess player (is true when he played chess).
Wort und Gegenstand Stuttgart 1980
Theorien und Dinge Frankfurt 1985
Grundzüge der Logik Frankfurt 1978
Mengenlehre und ihre Logik Wiesbaden 1967
Die Wurzeln der Referenz Frankfurt 1989
Unterwegs zur Wahrheit Paderborn 1995
From a logical point of view Cambridge, Mass. 1953
Bezeichnung und Referenz
Zur Philosophie der idealen Sprache, J. Sinnreich (Hg), München 1982
Philosophie der Logik Bamberg 2005
Ontologische Relativität Frankfurt 2003