|Reference, in philosophy: relation of a linguistic expression or action to a real object. Reference presupposes the existence of this object. An expression, which corresponds to no object, has no reference, however, may have a meaning. See also unicorn, Pegasus.|
|Anscombe, G. E. M.
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|Reference||Frank I 87
Reference/Frege/Anscombe: there is no way back from the reference to the meaning. Each object has many modes of givenness or description modes.
Intension/"I"/Anscombe: because of the peculiarity of the construction it succeeds to determine an object, despite the theoretically many possibilities of the way of being given: for we do not want to assume "Smith does not realize the identity with Smith".
If we consider the reflexive in the ordinary sense, this would be possible.
"I"/Special Reflexivum/Anscombe: the special reflexivum can only be explained from the point of view of the first person.
Frege: we have not already understood the meaning when a person is told of what object a person will speak of when he says "I" whether he knows it or not.
However, the use of "I" ensures that the speaker knows it, but we still have a right to ask what he knows!
M. Frank (Hrsg.)
Analytische Theorien des Selbstbewusstseins Frankfurt 1994