Philosophy Lexicon of Arguments

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Aristotle
 
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Knowledge Bubner I 118
Knowledge/Aristotle: the knowledge available outside of scientific evidence establishes the connection of science theory with general ontology.
I 119
Knowledge/AristotleVsPlato (Menon): no knowledge arises from nothing.
In the case of syllogism and Epagogé (nowadays controversial whether to be construed as induction) there is prior knowledge.
I 120
Epagogé/Aristotle/Bubner: emerges from the rhetorical practice of providing examples. Introduction. Not strict induction in today's sense of the relation of universal quantifications and individual cases.
In Aristotle, no comparable subsumption relation.
Previous Knowledge/Aristotle: where does it come from? We are always already familiar with the concrete individual from the sensory experience. But the universal?
Universality/Knowledge/AristotleVsPlato: VsAnamnesis: also knowledge about the universal comes from sensory experience and Epagogé.
I 149
Knowledge/Metaphysics/Aristotle/Bubner: to know truly and definitively requires the certainty that the knowledge has come to its full extent, by even recognizing that which explains already existing knowledge. Such certainty cannot be determined from outside, it must be found in knowledge itself.

Bu I
R. Bubner
Antike Themen und ihre moderne Verwandlung Frankfurt 1992


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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2017-03-30