## Philosophy Lexicon of Arguments | |||

Author | Item | Excerpt | Meta data |
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Beck-Bornholdt Books on Amazon |
Significance | Beck-Bornholdt/Dubben. Der Hund, der Eier legt Reinbek 1997 I 47 Def Significance/Statistics/Beck-Bornholt: a result is considered to be significant if the probability that it is an incidental finding is not greater than 5% - arbitrary (but internationally recognized). - The threshold should be lowered -> four-field test: Determines how likely it is that we suspect differences where none exist. - II 48 The chase after significance leads to new errors. - Significant results may be inconsequential. - Error: testing until a desired result comes out. - II 116 those who do not find a significant difference do not prove that there is no difference. I 113 Statistics/Clinical Trials/Number/Significance: in a study with few patients major differences can only be confirmed or refuted. - II 114 - Problem: with a high caseload in the end everything is significant, but not necessarily interesting. I 237 Significance/Statistics/Beck-Bornholt: the fixed level of significance should depend on what consequences a possible error has - e.g. an umbrella with 95% reliability is okay, a parachute is not. |
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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2017-04-25