|Reference, in philosophy: relation of a linguistic expression or action to a real object. Reference presupposes the existence of this object. An expression, which corresponds to no object, has no reference, however, may have a meaning. See also unicorn, Pegasus.|
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|Reference||Stalnaker I 42
Reference/Benacerraf: thesis: real reference needs a causal connection.
> Mathematics,> Mathematical Entities,> Knowledge,> Platonism.
Philosophy of Mathematics 2ed: Selected Readings Cambridge 1984
Ways a World may be Oxford New York 2003