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|Intentionality||Pauen V 22
Intentionality/Brentano/Pauen: this is not about ordinary language "intention"; but the necessary being "about" something.
Intentionality is inappropriate as an indication of the mental, since not all states of consciousness are intentional by character - E.g. pain.
Field II 69
Intentionality/Believe/Brentano/Lewis/Field: (Lewis late 1970s): compares the problem with the following about numbers.
E.g. "Many apparent physical properties seem to combine physical and non-physical things - called numbers". For example, what kind of physical relation can a 7-gram heavy stone have to the number 7?". (Similar to Churchland 1979, Dennett 1982, Stalnaker 1984).
FieldVs: the comparison does not contribute much.
Nominalism: is here a solution: literally there are no numbers, and then also no relations (Field 1980). This allows the use of numbers as a useful fiction.
FieldVs: so viewed, there is no pressure to solve Brentano's problem.
Field II 71
Intentionality/Believe/Brentano/Horwich/FieldVsHorwich: (Horwich (1998) shows how one can still miss the problem: thesis: according to him "means" and "believes" stand for real relations between people and propositions.
Horwich: but there is no reason to suppose that a physical access receives this relational status:
Definition fallacy of the constitution/Horwich/Field: the (false) assumption that what constitutes relational facts would itself be relational.
Field II 72
Intentionality/Brentano's Problem/Field: his problem is reformulated in our context: how could the having of truth conditions (in representations) be explained naturalistic?
Reference/indeterminacy/FieldVsBrentano: if reference is indeterminate, we can only accept one naturalistic response, not one of Brentano's of an irreducible mental connection.
Prior I 123
Intentionality/Brentano: is a unique logical category. Similar to a relation, without being a real relation.
Psychology from An Empirical Standpoint (Routledge Classics) London 2014
Grundprobleme der Philosophie des Geistes Frankfurt 2001
Realism, Mathematics and Modality Oxford New York 1989
Truth and the Absence of Fact Oxford New York 2001
Science without numbers Princeton New Jersey 1980
Objects of thought Oxford 1971
Arthur N. Prior
Papers on Time and Tense 2nd Edition Oxford 2003