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|Psychology||Chisholm II = Johann Christian Marek Zum Programm einer Deskriptiven Psychologie in Philosophische Ausätze zu Ehren Roderick M. Chisholm Marian David/Leopold Stubenberg (Hg), Amsterdam 1986
Chisholm II 222
Descriptive psychology/Brentano/Marek: is an a priori science, not an empirical necessity. In this respect, it approaches Husserl's phenomenology.
Brentano, however, did not go so far as to speak of a knowledge of being.
The conceptual necessity is founded in thought, and not in the "unreal" entities themselves.
Definition descriptive psychology/Brentano: subdivision, does not replace the genetic, empirical investigations, but can serve as their basis.
Descriptive psychology: is responsible for the empirical, conceptual area (?).
Task: To determine the elements of consciousness and their connections. "Psychognosia". Their statements are a priori, not empirical.
To determine the parts of the soul phenomena. To determine separability or inseparability.
Consciousness is uniform, but therefore not something simple but composed.
Definition genetic psychology/Brentano: attempts to specify the conditions with which the individual phenomena are causally linked. Empirically.
Chisholm II 235
Psychology/Brentano/Baumgartner: central term: Remark, explicit perception.
Psychognosia/Brentano: pure psychology, while genetic psychology could be called a physiological psychology.
Psychognosia: exact science, captures its object directly.
Genetic psychognosia: is not exact science, since it also takes into account relations to e.g. chemical processes.
Descriptive psychology/perception/Brentano: "primary object": intentional reference to something. At the same time
Secondary object: because it refers to itself at the same time.
For example, someone who hears a sound is heard, has sound as the the primary object as the object of his idea. His hearing of the sound captures it as a secondary object of the idea at the same time. Self-reference next to the object reference. The own hearing is also perceived. Therefore the evident (inner) perception has a judicial character.
Note/Brentano: makes the parts of the consciousness and their relationship clear.
Accident/Substance/Psychology/Brentano: "all the psychic things we apperceive are composed. It is an accident which includes the soul-substance, or a plurality of accidents of the same substance, each of which contains them."
Baumgartner: Our substance is not doubled thereby. And it is not halved if one of the accidents is dispensed with.
Psychology from An Empirical Standpoint (Routledge Classics) London 2014
Die erste Person Frankfurt 1992
Roderick M. Chisholm
Erkenntnistheorie Graz 2004