|Property: what can be ascribed to an object in order to distinguish it from other objects. In philosophy, there is debate about whether properties exist or whether "bare particulars" exist. Expressions for properties are predicates. Not every predicate will refer to a property. See also quantification over properties, 2nd order logic, HOL, completeness.|
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Characteristics/Minority/Majority/Selection/Dawkins: E.g. English and German rowers who do not rank significantly better or worse according to nationality. However, they coordinate themselves purely based on language, without the coach being aware of this.
The coach moves people from boat to boat based on success points.
Now, if by chance the English rowers prevailed in the stronger boat, every German who entered such a boat is likely to make it lose.
Evolutionary stable are purely German or purely English teams (because of the linguistic coordination).
Conclusion: any candidate who (in this case) belongs to a minority is punished, because he belongs to the minority, not because of his qualities. (Reason: ability to communicate).
E.g. This works the other way around when it comes to right- and left-handers, and the coach is not aware of this fact and is sorts by "success of a whole boat": a single left-hander in a majority of right-handers will help every boat to victory. (This is not about coordination!)
In the long run, the "blind selection" will form an ideal boat of 4 right- and 4 left-handers!
Analogy to the genes/Dawkins: "good" genes are selected by blind selection. This is not a theory, nor an observed fact, but simply a tautology!
Das egoistische Gen, Hamburg 1996
M. St. Dawkins
Die Entdeckung des tierischen Bewusstseins Hamburg 1993