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|Psychology||Suhr I 31
Education/Tradition: Knowledge comes from the outside and needs to be trained or drilled. Authority of the elders rules. It is ultimately divine revelation. "Ability".
Education/Psychology/Dewey: children are already equipped with knowledge and it only needs to be awakened. Interest needs not to be controlled.
Ability psychology: ability psychology is the doctrine that the human possesses different abilities, e.g. memory, reason, accuracy, the ability to distinguish, imagination, etc. Ability is allegedly a separate existing characteristic. E.g. the ability of remembering remembers itself, not the person remembers something. Every ability can and must be exercised on its own, irrespective of its content.
Biological Psychology/Dewey: (goes back to William James): biological psychology focuses on the biological interaction with the environment. The child is a self, not simply an intelligent animal. It has goals. The child is always active.
Education/Psychology/Dewey: all dualistic theories of education have in common that they regard the goal as fundamentally finished and see a dynamic only in the fact that either the substance determines the form, or the form the substance. (Either the mind the world or the world the mind.)
Psychology/DeweyVsAbility: There is no "ability per se", but only in connection with a task!
Forces are the results of the employment of congenital tendencies with certain contents.
Definition education/Dewey: education is constant reconstruction. The reorganization of experience which increases its importance and increases the ability to guide the course of the following experience.
Essays in Experimental Logic Minneola 2004
John Dewey zur Einführung Hamburg 2016