|Axiom: principle or rule for linking elements of a theory that is not proven within the theory. It is assumed that axioms are true and evident. Adding or eliminating axioms turns a system into another system. Accordingly, more or less statements can be constructed or derived in the new system. > System.|
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Hypotheses/Duhem: It is wrong to believe that the introduction of certain hypotheses is justified by means of theorems that are, so to speak, evidently derived from ordinary life.
Often an analogy is quite superficial: it consists only between the words, but not between the thoughts. Nothing but word games.
E.g. The expression entropy has only a meaning in the language of the physicist.
Euler commits a circular conclusion: Definition: A power is the force that brings a body from rest to movement ...
DuhemVsEuler: Will Euler take away the very former sense of the word power, and give a simple word definition, whose arbitrariness is limited by nothing? (> Definition) word definition arbitrary)...
Euler has force or used in the everyday sense
It is much less a definition than a theorem, to which Euler ascribes obviousness, it is an axiom.
Ziel und Struktur der physikalischen Theorien Hamburg 1998