Philosophy Lexicon of Arguments

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Word: a structure separated by spaces from other words within a language. In general, words are formed by one or more characters which are attached to one another. Whole words can in turn be interpreted as signs. In human languages, the elements of the words are letters; in computer languages, other symbols are used within words. See also concepts, expressions, terms, language, characters, symbols, subsentential, meaning.
 
Author Item Excerpt Meta data
Foucault, Michel
 
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Words I 116f
Language/words/Foucault: Critique in contrast to the comment as the analysis of a visible form in contrast to the discovery of a hidden content.

Criticism of words: Impossibility to build a science or a philosophy with the traditional vocabulary: the general concepts are denounced, by means of which this is blended, what is separated in the representation, the abstract terms are criticized, which separate what must remain connected. Analysis of Figures.

Types of words with their respective expressions, the tropes: the different relationships which the words can entertain with the same representative content. (Pars pro toto, essential or secondary, etc.)

It was no longer a matter of saying again what was already said in the old texts, but to define by which figures and pictures, in the sequence of which order, to express what aims, this or that speech of God or the prophet in us has been remained in the traditional form.

19th century: Literature as a privileged object of criticism has been approaching what language is in its very essence since Mallarmé, and thus it challenges a second language, which is no longer the form of criticism, but of the commentary.

Fouc I
M. Foucault
The Order of Things: An Archaeology of Human Sciences 1994

Fouc II
Michel Foucault
Archäologie des Wissens Frankfurt/M. 1981


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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2017-03-27