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|Religious Belief||Diaz-Bone I 117
Religion/James: James claims two things.
1. The best things are those which are closer to the eternal.
2. It is better for the believer, if he believes.
Religious experience is a part of reality, which the empiricist also acknowledges, as he ascribes the status of reality to every kind of experience.
However, religious experience is simply the individual experience of an individual.
St IV W. Stegmüller Hauptströmungen der Gegenwartsphilosophie Bd 4 Stuttgart 1989
St IV 439
Religious experience/W. James/Stegmüller: ("The religious experience in its manifoldness"):
The thesis that all forms of institutionalized religions as well as all theology are merely secondary consequences of individual experiences of individual people. Three questions:
1. What causal origin do the experiences have?
2. What value do they have for oneself and for others?
3. What about the objective claim to truth?
James distinguishes experiences of "religion of the light-hearted" and the one of "melancholy" as well as experiences of mystics, which are not communicable.
Since such experiences are purely psychologically intelligible, they do not guarantee a supernatural origin.
Moreover, such experiences can scarcely be distinguished from those whose cause is attributed to Satan, and which are also psychologically interpreted by the Church.
R. Diaz-Bone/K. Schubert
William James zur Einführung Hamburg 1996