|Truth, philosophy: a property of sentences, not a property of utterances because utterances are events. See also truth conditions, truth definition, truth functions, truth predicate, truth table, truth theory, truth value, correspondence theory, coherence theory.|
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|Truth||Diaz-Bone I 81
Truth/Pragmatism/Diaz-Bone: It is a misinterpretation of pragmatism: True is, what is useful as seeing it true.
Definition truth/James: true representations are those that we can appropriate, hear, verify, and make effective. False ideas are those in which we cannot do these things.
Being true is an event! However, it remains unclear what James means exactly with "accordance"!
Truth leads our actions to reality.
Truth/James: Analogy to Money: Credit: belief, can later turn out to be wrong.
William James (1907) Der Wahrheitsbegriff des Pragmatismus“ und „Noch ein Wort über Wahrheit) (Journal of Philosophy, Psychology and Scientific Methods, 4 S 141 55 und 396 406) in Paul Horwich (Ed.) Theories of Truth Aldershot 1994
Horwich I 17
Truth/Pragmatism/James: he naturally accepts the lexicon meaning: truth is a property of some of our ideas.
Problem: what is accordance, what is reality.
Horw I 18
Thesis: we must ask what difference does the truth of a sentence make for our life? How is it recognized? How does it pay off in experience concepts? True ideas are those that we can evaluate, reaffirm, and verify.
Truth happens to an idea. It becomes true, through events.
Verification: verification is a process as well as validity: namely validation.
Horw I 19
The possession of true thoughts is the possession of instruments of action. One can say they are useful because they are true or true because they are useful. Truth is the name for what starts the verification process and what it accomplishes.
True ideas would never be selected if they were not useful.
Horw I 20
Reality/Object/James: either "things" or also relations in the everyday sense like data, places, distances, types, actions.
Truth/Mathematics/James: it is either a principle or a definition that makes true, for example, 1 and 2 = 3, etc. Or, for example, that more differs from black than from gray.
Effect/James: the effect begins as soon as the cause begins.
These are all mental objects. No sense experience is required.
Logical truth/James: the only risk is to encounter these truths at all. You have to name them correctly because you cannot help it.
R. Diaz-Bone/K. Schubert
William James zur Einführung Hamburg 1996
P. Horwich (Ed.)
Theories of Truth Aldershot 1994