Philosophy Lexicon of Arguments

Description: A. Characterization of singular objects or events instead of giving a name. As opposed to names descriptions are not rigid, i.e. they may refer to different objects in different worlds. - B. Linguistic form for attributing predicates according to the perceptions of objects. See also rigidity, theory of descriptions.
Author Item Excerpt Meta data
Kamp, H.
Books on Amazon
Descriptions Cresswell I 167
Indeterminate description/Kamp/Heim: indeterminate descriptions are not quantifiers, because real quantifiers cannot work beyond sentences, while pronouns can be connected anaphorically with undefined descriptions from earlier sentences.
(5) Everyone found a cat and kept it.
(6) It ran away.
Only that in (5) can be anaphorically related to the cat.
Cresswell I 175
Indeterminate description/Russell: conforms with existence quantification: E.g. a man: "at least a man." - New Theory/Cresswell: the indefinite article introduces new objects, the specific refers to introduced ones.
I 176
File change semantics/Home: thesis: as entities in the world the objects are not new, but only within the speech, therefore file change ("new in the documents") - File/Kamp/Home: represents facts about objects for the speaker.

Kamp I
From Discourse to Logic: Introduction to Modeltheoretic Semantics of Natural Language, Formal Logic and Discourse Representation Theory (Studies in Linguistics and Philosophy)

Cr I
M. J. Cresswell
Semantical Essays (Possible worlds and their rivals) Dordrecht Boston 1988

M. J. Cresswell
Structured Meanings Cambridge Mass. 1984

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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2017-04-27