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|Seeing||Hacking I 286
Seeing/Lakatos/Hacking: He has only one example: Galileo's observation of solar spots through a telescope:
This could not have been pure seeing. Therefore:
Observation/LakatosVsPopper: Falsificationism cannot be correct because it presupposes the distinction between theory and observation. The simple rule, according to which the human thinks and directs nature, is not tenable. Two wrong assumptions:
1. There would be a psychological boundary between speculative and observation-related sentences.
2. The assumption that observation statements could be proved by facts.
HackingVsLakatos: these assumptions have now been mocked for 15 years, but Lakatos' argumentation is superficial.
The Methodology of Scientific Research Programmes: Volume 1: Philosophical Papers (Philosophical Papers (Cambridge)) Cambridge 1980
Einführung in die Philosophie der Naturwissenschaften Stuttgart 1996