Philosophy Lexicon of Arguments

Innate: abilities, ideas, dispositions, which are not acquired in the course of a development, but are present in an organism from the outset. - In philosophy N. Chomsky and J. Locke are relevant authors on this topic.
Author Item Excerpt Meta data
Leibniz, G.W.
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Innateness Holz I 44
Congenital "innate" ideas/LeibnizVsLocke: do not originate in sensuous perception, but originate from reflection. ((s) not from birth?).
Reflection: nothing but attention to what is in us. Reflection finds that in our mind is much innate, because we are, so to speak, self-innate.
E.g. being, unity, substance, duration, change, activity, perception, pleasure and a thousand other objects.
I 45
They are the prerequisite for the determination of objective being as such (ens qua ens). They are given to us with being, as a formal determination of being.
What remains open here is how these innate ideas are the "first truths" that stem from sense perception.
Sense-perception/Leibniz: this cannot prove the unity of perception itself (see above), because every proof presupposes the unity (substance) which is the foundation of the characteristics, already as a reason of experience from which the proof must be led.
The unity does not have to be proved, it is irrefutable and intuitive (simple) given in the perception.

Lei II
G. W. Leibniz
Philosophical Texts (Oxford Philosophical Texts) Oxford 1998

Lei I
H. H. Holz
Leibniz Frankfurt 1992

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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2017-04-30