Philosophy Lexicon of Arguments

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Leibniz, G.W.
 
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Reality Holz I 61
Reality/Leibniz: what is possible to think of is reasonable and could be, purely logical, possible as well.
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Holz I 125
Perfection/existence/Leibniz: e.g. suppose A, B, C, D are equal, but D is incompatible with A and B, the others are all compatible with each other except D, then it follows that A, B, and C exist if D is excluded.
This is the principle of composibility.
Reality/Leibniz: reality always has the highest degree of factual content (realization): "perfectio".
Best world/best of all possible worlds/Leibniz: that is the meaning of the thesis that we live in the best of the worlds: it is simply the realization of most possibilities, which results from the fact that all possibilities are realized which do not mutually prevent each other.
To this extent, this world is by no means accidently the same as it is.
Translating this into theology, it means that God has created the world neccessarily according to his own rationality because it is the optimization of the processes caused by this rationality.
VoltaireVsLeibniz: "Candide". Vs "Best of the Worlds". Ironization of Leibnizian Theory.

Lei II
G. W. Leibniz
Philosophical Texts (Oxford Philosophical Texts) Oxford 1998

Lei I
H. H. Holz
Leibniz Frankfurt 1992


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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2017-03-22