Philosophy Lexicon of Arguments

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Millikan, Ruth
 
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Realism I 11
Realism/Millikan: I remain close to Aristotelian realism.
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I 13
Realism/Millikan: correctly understood, realism does not demand that the world has to be "properly divided". ((s) elsewhere: "divided at the joints").
Identity/Millikan: Realism must be able to explain only objective identity (sameness). This is something other than a "preferred classification" of nature.
MillikanVsHolism: It is about understanding without holism and without the myth of what is given, how we test our apparent abilities, to recognize things, and our apparent meanings.
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I 245
Classical Realism/Thinking/Millikan: for classical realism thinking was about a thing, to bring (thesis) this thing or its nature before the conscious mind.
Plato/Aristotle/Husserl: the nature of the thing alone enters the mind.
Early Russell/Moore/Phenomenalism: the thing alone comes before the mind, (without a "nature").
Locke/Hume: Thesis: instead of the thing we have to do with a representation that embodies its nature by being a copy of it.
Descartes/Whitehead: a way or aspect of the thing embodies its nature.
Knowledge/Thinking/Realism/Millikan: so we know ipso facto what we think.
The following four things are not distinguished from classical realism:
1. it seems to you that you think of something
2. to really think
3. it seems to you that you know what you think
4. to really know what you think.
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I 248
Realism/Thinking/judgment/nature/thing/existence/Millikan: a solution: if it is rather nature than the object that comes before the mind, then the accidental object is not necessary for nature, it does not have to exist. Then the realization that the object really exists, corresponds rather to a judgment than to contemplation about its nature.
Existence: that the thing existed became something additional that was added.
Ontology/Millikan: Problem: that something "should exist in addition to its pre-existing nature".
Thinking/Classical Realism/Millikan: applying a term was then equated with judging that a thing exists. So thinking-of = Identify.
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I 249
Identification/Realism/Millikan: identification takes place only in a moment and involves only one encounter with the object. Then this is a kind of aesthetic experience, in which the consciousness bathes in a dwelling of the thing. Why should that be good?

Millk I
R. G. Millikan
Language, Thought, and Other Biological Categories: New Foundations for Realism Cambridge 1987


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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2017-04-29