Philosophy Lexicon of Arguments

Ethics, philosophy: ethics is concerned with the evaluation and justification of actions and ultimately a justification of morality. See also good, values, norms, actions, deontology, deontological logic, consequentialism, morals, motives, reasons, action theory.
Author Item Excerpt Meta data
Moore, E.G.
Books on Amazon
Ethics Stegmüller IV 172
Objectivity/Ethics/Mackie: However, there is a level of objectivity in the question of what are generally accepted measures of value.
IV 173
This corresponds to a second-level subjectivism. This is supported by:
1. Relativity argument: we meet different moral rule systems in the world. Objectivism would have to characterize all but one as an error.
IV 175
2. Peculiarity argument: whoever believes in objective values and norms must take this belief seriously. This leads to peculiar entities such as "shouldbedone", "shouldnotbedone", etc.
Representatives: Moore: Values are "nonnatural qualities". They demand a special ability of insight. (Detectiveism, "Euthyphro", intuitionism).
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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2017-04-28