Philosophy Lexicon of Arguments

Author Item Excerpt Meta data
Proust, J.
Books on Amazon
Intentionality Joelle Proust Das intentionale Tier in D. Perler/M. Wild (Hg) Der Geist der Tiere Frankfurt/M. 2005

Perler I 233
Animal/Mind/Intentionality/Premack/Woodruff/Proust: Premack/Woodruff's famous studies of "Theory of the Mind" in animals, "beliefs and desires", etc.
Proust: if one speaks of a theory of the mind, one should distinguish it from a social one not from a psychological competence in the strict sense by which social animals try to influence each other.

Premack: an animal can deliberately act on what another is doing (social) or thinks (then also psychologically).
"Spoilsport version": the explanation of behavior: not intention but only established correlation is intended to explain the behavior of an animal.
I 234
Then the psychological side can be dispensed with. Speechless animals simply establish a correlation.
DennettVs: intentional attitude for explanation.
I 234
Intentionality/Dennett: Levels:
1. Desires and beliefs can be attributed.
2. Beliefs and desires about beliefs and desires
3. Beliefs and desires about beliefs and desires of the second level, etc.
I 235
ProustVsDennett: opens the door for the human to apply his psychological concepts to apparently concept-less processes: cars, dogs, cats.
It is slightly different with primates.

Tie I
D. Perler/M. Wild (Hg)
Der Geist der Tiere Frankfurt 2005

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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2017-04-30