Philosophy Lexicon of Arguments

Author Item Excerpt Meta data
Sterelny, K.
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Behavior Kim Sterelny Primatenwelten in D. Perler/M. Wild (Hg.) Der Geist der Tiere, Frankfurt 2005

Perler I 371
a) simple case: the attribution and prediction of the behavior of other animals is initially more efficient if instead of an explicit representation only a "hidden variable" is assumed.
b) complex case: if the behavior becomes more complex however, the representation of foreign mental states is more efficient!
If one can trace the inner state, one no longer needs to trace every single connection between stimulus and behavior.
I 372
Attention/Animal/Sterelny: it seems that the representation of attention is not very demanding. However, it turns out that chimpanzees in the experiment do not differ significantly between attentive and inattentive coaches. E.g. coach with bucket over his head, or constantly turned away, etc. The chimpanzees solved all the tasks by chance.
I 374
Sterelny: you should not just explain this with input/output behavior, you have to ask whether sounds or gestures were involved.
I 375
Overall, the whole problem will be a knowledge rather than a knowledge of acting. Attention happens on many channels.
Reaction range/Behavior/Sterelny: I doubt that any behavior is absolutely necessary, because the motivational state of a mind reader also plays a role.
The reaction range depends on:
1. Spectrum of the other characteristics of the actor which are pursued by the mind reader.
2. The extent to which the reaction is also dependent on the other environment.
3. Under certain circumstances, the ability to imitate.
Environment/Animal/Sterelny: how does an animal categorize its environment? Are the categories concrete, sensuous or functional?

Tie I
D. Perler/M. Wild (Hg)
Der Geist der Tiere Frankfurt 2005

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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2017-04-24