|Understanding: the ability to give reasons for a distinction or to justify a selection of options. See also actions, meaning, knowledge.|
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|Understanding||Kim Sterelny Primatenwelten in D. Perler/M. Wild (Hg.) Der Geist der Tiere, Frankfurt 2005
Perler I 357
Animal/Thinking/Mind/Understanding/Sterelny: do primates understand something of the mind of others? What would such an understanding show? What is the simplest mind capable of doing so? When and why and how became primates "mind readers".
Thesis: I move within the "hypothesis of social intelligence": selection according to social skills.
Representation/method/mind reading/mind/animal/Sterelny: Actions are best pursued by the representation of the mental states that produce these actions. Imitation, too, is evidence of cognitive refinement, but it does not point to the ability to read the mind.
Thesis: even relatively simple animals can represent meta. ((s) They represent the representations of others.)
Advantage/Sterelny: to anticipate foreign actions.
For this, the mind reading animal must know whether a novelty or rearrangement of the preferences or only of the instrumental beliefs causes.
Definiton information gradient/knowledge/Dennett: the information gradient describes groups in which the members have a very different level of knowledge.
Information/mind reading/Animal/Sterelny: there are even less refined methods of using other things than sources of information as imitation:
"Stimulus increase": stimulus increase means increased attention for the interests of others.
Selection/Sterelny: if there should have been a selection according to mind reading, then mind readers must behave differently than the behaviour readers, and the adaptive advantages must be found in the mind reader's behavior.
D. Perler/M. Wild (Hg)
Der Geist der Tiere Frankfurt 2005