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|Politics||Bubner I 176
Politics/Aristotle: as long as man lives together with others, he cannot concentrate on the idle show, but must choose the "second best way" of the political actor.
Practice/Aristotle: must perform an ordering performance within the contingency.
The objective is never given, but must be actively introduced into the practical situation.
The possibilities for action must be structured.
Def Prohairesis/Aristotle: the selection of the most appropriate means.
Politics/Aristotle: Politics only means realizing on a large scale what every concrete process of action already performs in the small scale.
Politics/Zoon Politikon/Aristotle: this property is attributed to man because of his speech!
Political institutions are to be understood from an ethics point of view.
Politics is not simply a ruling order, (VsPlato) with a good ruler like in Hobbes or Max Weber.
The ruler is not a large-scale housekeeper.
A common goal is to be investigated.
Politics/Aristotle: Starting point: village, which does not only exist due to everyday life needs.
In the polis, the character of "self-sufficiency" replaces the elementary natural conditionality.
Objective: Eudaimonia, the "good life", in this highest of all objectives, the practice structure returns, as it were, reflexively to itself.
Problem: Contradictory towards the natural: on the one hand, the essence of practice as a goal has been politically entered into its own telos, and this legitimates talk of man as a political entity by nature.
On the other hand, the natural conditions have been overcome thanks to a self-sufficient practice.
Nothing but practice itself, no nature defines the good. This self-determination means freedom.
Antike Themen und ihre moderne Verwandlung Frankfurt 1992