|Other minds, philosophy: in this context, it is about the extent to which experiences of others are recognizable to us. See also privileged access, first person, consciousness, perception, qualia, perspective, objectivity, subjectivity, inverted spectra.|
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|Other Minds||I, 15ff
Foreign psychological/Frith: the brain creates the illusion that the world of thought is isolated and private. The brain conceals from ourselves the unconscious conclusions it draws.
Culture: has influenced the functioning of the brain.
Empathy/Foreign psychological/Imitation/Frith: Thesis: Imitation opens the access to the private thought-world of others.
Pain/Frith: we learn something about the pain of another by observing what he is doing and listening to what he says.
Pain Matrix: are certain regions in the brain that become active when someone suffers.
N.B.: therefore the physiological correlates of this experience are by no means private.
Pain/N.B.: the subjective experience is not directly linked to the physical nature of the pain stimulus! A red-hot iron bar feels less painful when one is distracted!
Placebos: can also alleviate the feeling of pain when the person merely assumes that they do alleviate the pain.
Brain/pain: some regions correspond to the physical temperature of the iron bar, others with the subjective pain sensation.
Foreign psychological/empathy: when we observe that someone is suffering pain, the same brain regions become active as if we have pain.
Foreign psychological/pain/Frith: we construct mental models based on the stimuli that we would have ourselves. Because we are developing thought models of the physical world, we can share our experience in the mental world.
Originator/action/movement/foreign psychological/sovereignty/Frith: something that is as private as pain: the experience that we are the originators of our actions.
Cause/Effect/Frith: are connected here to units, as e.g. color, form and movement are connected to form objects.
Object/Thing/Frith: Thesis: the object arises from a combination of form, color and movement.
Foreign psychological/Frith: precisely because we are not directly connected with the physical world, not even with the world of our body, we can enter the mental world of others.
But there are problems because our image of the world is a fantasy image:
Definition "Supported Communication"/Frith: People with severe disability can communicate through an assistant.
In tests, it can be found that it is the moderator who answers the questions. Until this is pointed out, he does not know this!
The moderator is deceived about the origin.
Foreign psychological/"thought reading"/Frith: it is possible to determine quite directly what is going on in the mind of another person. E.g. in a video of someone who lifts a box, one can see if it is heavier or lighter than was told the person in the video before. So one can recognize wrong ideas in someone else.
Wie unser Gehirn die Welt erschafft Heidelberg 2013