Lexicon of Arguments

Philosophical and Scientific Issues in Dispute
 


[german]  

Find counter arguments by entering NameVs… or …VsName.

The author or concept searched is found in the following 3 entries.
Disputed term/author/ism Author
Entry
Reference
Induction Mayr
 
Books on Amazon
I 78
Induktion/Francis Bacon/Mayr: große Rehabilitation (und eigentlich erstmalige Einführung) der Induktion. Für zwei Jahrhunderte maßgeblich. Justus von LiebigVsBacon: 1863 erstmalige Ablehnung Bacons. "Die Induktion allein kann keine neuen Theorien hervorbringen".
Biologie: für sie gelten praktisch keine der universalen Gesetze der Physik. Daher fiel sie weitgehend aus der Wissenschaftsphilosophie heraus.
I 80
MayrVsPopper: es ist oft sehr schwierig, wenn nicht unmöglich, eine unbrauchbare Theorie überzeugend zu falsifizieren. Die kategorische Aussage, dass bei einer einmaligen Falsifikation die gesamte Theorie falle, trifft auf die Evolutionsbiologie nicht zu. - - -
I 219
Def Induktion/Biologie/Mayr: Einfluss schon bestehender Gewebe auf die Entwicklung anderer Gewebe. Durch Proteine. Hat bei fast allen Organismen große Bedeutung.

Ma
E. Mayr
Das ist Biologie Heidelberg 1998

Interpretation Bacon
 
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Feyerabend I 97
Natural interpretation/Bacon/Feyerabend: Bacon wanted to remove natural interpretations (which were prejudices for him) like the shells of an onion. He thought the interpretations were simply added to the perception. ---
I 98
Natural interpretation/observation language/FeyerabendVsBacon: without them we would be completely disorientated. We also cannot separate their netting.


Fe I
P. Feyerabend
Wider den Methodenzwang Frankfurt 1997

Fe II
P. Feyerabend
Erkenntnis für freie Menschen Frankfurt 1979
Interpretation Feyerabend
 
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I 94
Natural Interpretation/Feyerabend: mental operations that are so closely linked to the senses that separation is difficult. Natural interpretations are learned! Natural Interpretation/Intellectual History/Feyerabend: depends, either a-priori presuppositions (Kant) or advantages (Bacon).
97
Natural Interpretation/Bacon/Feyerabend: Bacon wanted to remove natural interpretations (which were prejudices for him) like the peels of an onion. He believed the interpretations were simply added to perception.
I 98
Natural Interpretation/Observation Language/FeyerabendVsBacon: without it we would be completely disoriented. We cannot take apart its mesh.
I 105
Natural Interpretation/Feyerabend: the new natural interpretations form a new and abstract observation language. They are introduced and hidden so that the completed change is not noticed (method of anamnesis). They contain the notion of ​​the relativity of all motion and the law of inertia of circular motion.
I 123
Natural Interpretation/Earth Movement/Feyerabend: "natural" in a completely new and revolutionary sense: it does not require neither an external nor an internal drive to maintain it! The first kind of movement is necessary to explain the up and down of the stars,
The second kind is used when one wishes to regard the movement as something relative, as depending on the choice of a coordinate system.
I 367
Interpretation/Feyerabend: continuity of formal relations (logic) does not mean continuity of interpretations. E.g. Duhem: the notorious "derivation" of Newton's law of gravitation from Kepler's laws.

Fe I
P. Feyerabend
Wider den Methodenzwang Frankfurt 1997

Fe II
P. Feyerabend
Erkenntnis für freie Menschen Frankfurt 1979


The author or concept searched is found in the following 3 controversies.
Disputed term/author/ism Author Vs Author
Entry
Reference
Bacon, F. Black Vs Bacon, F.
 
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III 89
Science/Neutrality/Black: classic trend: "not interest-driven". III 90 Idyllic picture: the results are only shared with a small illustrious circle of insiders. That is outdated. Instead: Science/Bacon:> Rule over nature. Scientists: USA 1978: 1.223 million practicing, social scientists:. 190.000. BlackVsBacon: the military-industrial complex casts a shadow over its ideal to use science for the benefit of mankind.

Bla I
Max Black
Bedeutung und Intention
In
Handlung, Kommunikation, Bedeutung, G. Meggle (Hg), Frankfurt/M 1979

Bla II
M. Black
Sprache München 1973

Bla III
M. Black
The Prevalence of Humbug Ithaca/London 1983
Bacon, F. Feyerabend Vs Bacon, F.
 
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I 97
Natural Interpretation/Bacon/Feyerabend: wanted to remove natural interpretations (which were prejudices for him) like the layers of an onion. He believed that the interpretations were simply added to the perception.
I 98
Natural Interpretation/Observation Language/FeyerabendVsBacon: without it we would be completely disoriented. We cannot take its braid it apart.

Fe I
P. Feyerabend
Wider den Methodenzwang Frankfurt 1997

Fe II
P. Feyerabend
Erkenntnis für freie Menschen Frankfurt 1979
Various Authors Hacking Vs Various Authors
 
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I 98
Argument of Cosmic Coincidence: a good theory explains phenomena as contiguous which have not previously been thought of as related. Conversely, we arrive at the same raw entities with very different thought processes.
I 227
Reichenbach: "Argument of the same cause" - also Salmon: E.g. Brownian movement, Avogadro number: you always come to the same number in different ways. HackingVs: petitio principii. Language/Bennett: developed, E.g. because one native wanted to warn another that a coconut was about to fall from a tree.
HackingVsBennett: racist! In general, conjectures about the origin of language have a tendency to be unimaginative and patronizing.
I 249
Bacon: "An experiment which is not preceded by theory is related to the natural sciences like the sound of a child’s rattle to music". HackingVsBacon: an experiment can be made out of mere curiosity and be equally fruitful!.
I 299
Theory/Observation/Hanson: Noticing and observing are skills and abilities. E.g. positron. HackingVsHanson: you cannot train an assistant to make accurate observations without teaching him big theory. (still practiced in England today).

Hack I
I. Hacking
Einführung in die Philosophie der Naturwissenschaften Stuttgart 1996

The author or concept searched is found in the following disputes of scientific camps.
Disputed term/author/ism Pro/Versus
Entry
Reference
Experiment Pro Hacking I 249
AristotleVsExperiments - instead: deduction from principles - Francis Bacon (1561 - 1626) per experiment (> 17th century) - HackingVsBacon: e. also out of sheer curiosity.