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Religion: Religion is a system of beliefs and practices that relate humanity to spirituality and moral values. Many religions have organized communities of believers and some have sacred texts or scriptures. Some religions have no formal organization or sacred texts. See also Religious belief, Theology, Christianity, Judaism, Islam, Word of God, God, Bible, Bible criticism.
Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

Author Concept Summary/Quotes Sources

Baruch Spinoza on Religion - Dictionary of Arguments

Höffe I 238
Religion/Spinoza/Höffe: According to Spinoza, [the subtext of the Bible] is more moral and only of moral nature: The commandments of Scripture are supposed to guide to righteousness; these are justice and charity.
, >Bible Criticism/Spinoza.
Höffe: Here, religion appears as a means for the moral cultivation of people, which leads to a perfecting tolerance: Whoever, like Spinoza, commits religion to the moral cultivation of the human can remain faithful to his or her own religion and denomination while at the same time recognizing those of others, for their differences have become irrelevant.
>Society, >Community, >Tolerance, >Religious belief.

Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments
The note [Concept/Author], [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] resp. "problem:"/"solution:", "old:"/"new:" and "thesis:" is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.

Spinoza I
B. Spinoza
Spinoza: Complete Works Indianapolis 2002

Höffe I
Otfried Höffe
Geschichte des politischen Denkens München 2016

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