Cass R. Sunstein on Politics - Dictionary of Arguments
Politics/Sunstein: should politics be made according to survey results? The theorem of Condorcet makes the question seem less pointless than it appears at first glance. (See Decision Theory/Condorcet).
However, this only applies to yes/no questions within groups whose members are most likely to be correct in their majority. This may be the case in consultative bodies in companies, or in certain specialist areas when a panel of experts is consulted. However, it would not work if the population of a country, such as the United States, were asked whether the Kyoto Protocol should be signed.
In many areas, people are subject to systematic mistakes. However, the question remains whether group discussions help. (See Democracy/Sunstein). Functioning democracies delegate certain issues to expert committees. ((s) See MorozovVsJarvis and MorozovVsShirky.
In an experiment in Colorado in the summer of 2005, liberal and conservative groups were mixed together to discuss some issues such as whether the United States should sign a climate change agreement or whether affirmative action should be accorded to disadvantaged groups. (1)
The result was clear: in almost every group, the positions were more extremely polarized after the discussions, with the respective starting positions of the groups being more strongly represented.
In addition, the respective groups found greater homogeneity.
Group discussion/John Rawls: Thesis: The advantages lie in the combination of information and increasing the range of arguments. (2)
SunsteinVsRawls: see above.
1. See Reid Hastie, David Schkade, and Cass R. Sunstein, “What Really Happened on Deliberation Day?” (University of Chicago Law School, unpublished manuscript, 2006).
2. 8. John Rawls, A Theory of Justice (Cambridge, MA: Belknap Press, 1971), 358–59._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
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