Jürgen Habermas on Universalism - Dictionary of Arguments
Universalism/Habermas: Prehistory: 19th century research in the humanities and cultural studies had sharpened the view of the wide variety of social lifestyles, traditions, values and norms.
Historism had sharpened this basic experience of the relativity of its own traditions and ways of thinking to the problem of whether the rationality standards presupposed in the empirical sciences are themselves components of a regionally and temporally limited culture, precisely of modern European culture, and thus lose their universalistic claim.
Max Weber has adopted a cautiously universalistic position; he did not consider processes of rationalization to be a special phenomenon of the occident, even though the rationalization that can be proven in all world religions initially only led to a form of rationalism in Europe, which at the same time has special, namely occidental and general, features that characterize modernity at all._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
Der philosophische Diskurs der Moderne Frankfurt 1988
Theorie des kommunikativen Handelns Bd. I Frankfurt/M. 1981
Theorie des kommunikativen Handelns Bd. II Frankfurt/M. 1981