Jürgen Habermas on Counter-Enlightenment - Dictionary of Arguments
Counter-Enlightenment/Habermas: the counter-enlightenment that began with the French Revolution gave rise to a critique of modernity that has since branched out widely. (1)
Their common denominator is the belief that the loss of meaning, anomie and alienation, that the pathologies of bourgeois, post-traditional society in general, can be traced back to the rationalisation of the lifeworld itself. This backward-looking critique is at first a critique of bourgeois culture.
MarxismVsEnlightenment: the Marxist criticism of bourgeois society, on the other hand, starts with the circumstances of production because it accepts the rationalization of the lifeworld, but wants to explain the deformations of the rationalized lifeworld from conditions of material reproduction. This approach requires a theory that operates on a broader basic conceptual basis than that of the "lifeworld".
1. While this tradition was represented by authors such as A. Gehlen, M. Heidegger, K. Lorenz, C. Schmitt between the wars, today it continues at a comparable level only in French poststructuralism._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
Der philosophische Diskurs der Moderne Frankfurt 1988
Theorie des kommunikativen Handelns Bd. I Frankfurt/M. 1981
Theorie des kommunikativen Handelns Bd. II Frankfurt/M. 1981