Economics Dictionary of Arguments

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Liberalism: Liberalism in political philosophy is a set of beliefs that emphasize individual liberty, equality, and the rule of law. Liberals believe that individuals should be free to live their lives as they see fit. See also Libertarianism, Communitarianim, Individualism, Freedom, Society, Democracy.
Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

Author Concept Summary/Quotes Sources

John Locke on Liberalism - Dictionary of Arguments

Höffe I 254
Liberalism/LockeVsAbsolutism/Locke/Höffe: In Locke's political liberalism, the uncompromising veto against absolutism is even more important than averting danger, because a state authority that stands above all laws contradicts its origins in treaty theory.
Non-transferability: Because the law of nature does not grant absolute power to anyone, it cannot be transferred to the state, because what one does not possess cannot be ceded.
Transfer: According to the two dangers threatening the state of nature, two rights are transferred to the public authorities in the state-founding social contract: the right to interpret the moral natural law and the right to punish crimes committed against the natural law.
Non-transferable: (...) the three basic goods life, freedom and property [are] not transferred. Because otherwise one would fall into a self-slavery forbidden by natural law.
Höffe I 255
the state authority may only promote the common good, which consists above all in securing the three (...) basic goods [life, freedom and property].
>Social contract, >Freedom, >Liberty, >Society, >Community.

Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments
The note [Concept/Author], [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] resp. "problem:"/"solution:", "old:"/"new:" and "thesis:" is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.

J. Locke
An Essay Concerning Human Understanding

Höffe I
Otfried Höffe
Geschichte des politischen Denkens München 2016

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