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Liberalism: Liberalism in political philosophy is a set of beliefs that emphasize individual liberty, equality, and the rule of law. Liberals believe that individuals should be free to live their lives as they see fit. See also Libertarianism, Communitarianim, Individualism, Freedom, Society, Democracy.
Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

Author Concept Summary/Quotes Sources

John Stuart Mill on Liberalism - Dictionary of Arguments

Höffe I 353
Liberalism/Mill/Höffe: Mill extended [in his main work in social and legal philosophy, the treatise On Liberty(1)] his social economic liberalism by a political liberalism. Its basic idea consists in the uncompromising objection to a "tyranny of the ruling opinion and disposition," to a "tyranny of the majority," which itself enslaves the soul.
Mill's "very simple principle" is already known from earlier liberal thinkers such as Pufendorf and Locke: the exercise of official authority is only legal to the extent that it prohibits the harm to others. As an uncompromising opponent of every state paternalism, Mill considers neither the physical nor the moral self-interest a sufficient justification for public action. >Paternalism/Mill
, >Freedom/Mill.
Höffe I 356
Corporate policy: Toward the end of his writing "On Liberty", Mill warns against turning streetcars, railroads, banks, insurance companies, large corporations, universities and public charities into "branches of the government". For then the "active and ambitious part of the people would become more and more parasites of the government or of a party striving for government".

1. J.St. Mill. On Liberty, 1859

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Mause I 44
Liberalism/Mill: Mill represents a liberal understanding of the state as an instrument of the legal guarantee and self-impact of a liberal society which, in order to function as a space for the development of individual freedom, must regulate itself not only with regard to the framework conditions of market activity, but also with regard to the distribution of education and material prosperity.
He formulated a normative definition of a "society based on private property and individual competition", which "realizes the full participation of every member of the community through his/her benefits". (1)

1. J. St. Mill, Grundsätze der politischen Ökonomie, nebst einigen Anwendungen derselben auf die Gesellschaftswissenschaften (excerpt). In Der Wert des Marktes. Ein ökonomisch-philosophischer Diskurs vom 18. Jahrhundert bis zur Gegenwart, Ed. Lisa Herzog and Axel Honneth, Berlin 2014, p. 419.

Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments
The note [Concept/Author], [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] resp. "problem:"/"solution:", "old:"/"new:" and "thesis:" is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.

Mill I
John St. Mill
A System of Logic, Ratiocinative and Inductive, London 1843
German Edition:
Von Namen, aus: A System of Logic, London 1843
Eigennamen, Ursula Wolf, Frankfurt/M. 1993

Mill II
J. St. Mill
Utilitarianism: 1st (First) Edition Oxford 1998

Höffe I
Otfried Höffe
Geschichte des politischen Denkens München 2016

Mause I
Karsten Mause
Christian Müller
Klaus Schubert,
Politik und Wirtschaft: Ein integratives Kompendium Wiesbaden 2018

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