Economics Dictionary of Arguments

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Keynesianism: Keynesianism refers to economic theories developed by John Maynard Keynes, advocating government intervention in the economy through fiscal and monetary policies to stabilize fluctuations, manage demand, and address unemployment during economic downturns. This approach emphasizes boosting demand through public spending and monetary policies to maintain economic stability. See also Government spending, Monetary policy, Demand, Supply, Economy, Fiscal policy, Labour market.
Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

Author Concept Summary/Quotes Sources

James Tobin on Keynesianism - Dictionary of Arguments

Mause I 57
Keynesianism/Tobin: Keynesianism tried to incorporate the findings by Keynes into neoclassical theory.
>Neoclassical economics
Problem: the neoclassical mainstream assumed that the price mechanism was in principle efficient and capable of ensuring a full employment equilibrium.
Solution: And in order to capture these short-term phenomena, Keynesian analysis was used, which was formalized and annexed to the neoclassical theory building.(1)
Other representatives of Keynesianism were Franco Modigliani (1918-2003) and James Tobin (1918-2002). At least as far as the economic policy guidelines were concerned, the Keynesians did not deviate from the recipes of "General Theory". Like Keynes, they advocated active economic stabilisation by the state - not only through anti-cyclical fiscal policy, but also through a corresponding monetary policy.
>Monetary policy, >Monetarism.

1. Cf. J. R. Hicks, Mr. Keynes and the „classics“; a suggested reinterpretation. Econometrica 5: 1937, S. 147-159.

Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments
The note [Concept/Author], [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] resp. "problem:"/"solution:", "old:"/"new:" and "thesis:" is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.

EconTobin I
James Tobin
The Interest Elasticity of the Transactions Demand for Cash 1956

Mause I
Karsten Mause
Christian Müller
Klaus Schubert,
Politik und Wirtschaft: Ein integratives Kompendium Wiesbaden 2018

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