Economics Dictionary of Arguments

Home Screenshot Tabelle Begriffe

Fiscal policy: Fiscal policy refers to a government's use of taxing and spending to influence economic conditions. It involves adjusting government spending levels and tax rates to manage economic growth, control inflation, and stimulate demand. See also Taxation, Economy, State.
Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

Author Concept Summary/Quotes Sources

Political Philosophy on Fiscal Policy - Dictionary of Arguments

Mause I 279f
Fiscal Policy/Political Theories: while the economic theory of optimal fiscal policy is satisfied with the fiction of a well-meaning dictator and formulates normative instructions for his action, this can also be taken as the starting point for the question of the correctness and the optimality of a policy.
Fundamental for an economic theory of politics were first works by Anthony Downs (1957) (1) and Duncan Black (1958) (2) and the approaches of the Social Choice (e.g. Arrow 1951) (3) and Public Choice (Buchanan and Tullock 1962) (4), which also first developed in economics.
Turning point to politics: made by Downs (1960) (5) See Government Budget/Downs
It would be a mistake to try to locate political-economic research on fiscal policy ideologically.
Rather, democratic decision-making mechanisms and institutions are being researched. The factors studied can be divided into four groups: 1. the influence of elections and election competition, 2. the role of ideological orientation of governments, 3. the influence of political institutions, 4. the nature of the budget process and budget institutions.
>Political elections/Economic theories, See Political Elections/Nordhaus.

>Globalization/Saez/Zucman, >Tax Avoidance, >Tax Competition, >Tax Compliance, >Tax Evasion, >Tax Havens, >Tax Incidence, >Tax Loopholes, >Tax System.

1. Anthony Downs, An economic theory of democracy. New York 1957.
2. Duncan Black, Duncan, The theory of committees and elections. Cambridge 1958.
3. Kenneth J. Arrow, . Social choice and individual values. New Haven 1951.
4. James M. Buchanan & Gordon Tullock, The calculus of consent. Logical foundations of constitutional democracy. Ann Arbor 1962.
5. Anthony Downs. 1960. Why the government budget is too small in a democracy. World Politics 12 (4): 541– 563.

Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments
The note [Concept/Author], [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] resp. "problem:"/"solution:", "old:"/"new:" and "thesis:" is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
Political Philosophy
Mause I
Karsten Mause
Christian Müller
Klaus Schubert,
Politik und Wirtschaft: Ein integratives Kompendium Wiesbaden 2018

Send Link
> Counter arguments against Political Philosophy
> Counter arguments in relation to Fiscal Policy

Authors A   B   C   D   E   F   G   H   I   J   K   L   M   N   O   P   Q   R   S   T   U   V   W   Z  

Concepts A   B   C   D   E   F   G   H   I   J   K   L   M   N   O   P   Q   R   S   T   U   V   W   Z