Thomas Hobbes on Peace - Dictionary of Arguments
Höffe I 219
Peace/Hobbes/Höffe: The passions for peace alone [the fear of death, the desire for things that are necessary for a pleasant life, and the hope of achieving them through one's own efforts] are certainly not enough to overcome the state of war.
Reason: As a further factor, a reason is needed that shows the triple peace drive the necessary way. It is therefore not autonomous, but is in foreign service. Its purpose comes not from within reason, but from outside, from free self-interest.
Interest: Because of him, Hobbes' reason has an individual pragmatic character, which helps the individual to succeed in his or her own well-being, but is at the same time merely theoretical.
Theoretical Reason: For itself alone without drive, thus incapable of action, it is not a practical but a theoretical reason, which merely contributes an insight to the extra-reasonal drive: The right to everything that prevails in the state of nature proves, upon closer examination, to be a right to nothing. Because this insight in itself lacks any driving force, it needs another factor, both energetic and purposeful, precisely the three passions that promote peace. >Natural State/Hobbes.
Hobbes draws up a total of 19 laws of nature. He begins with the commandment to seek peace. (Leviathan, ch. 14-15).
Höffe I 220
Background/Höffe: Interestingly, two and a half centuries earlier, around the year 1400, long before the age of the Wars of Religion, a great literary text formulated Hobbes' first natural law. In Ackermann of Bohemia, chap. 32, it says, "Seek peace and do it always." This text is preceded by the occidental theory of peace from >Augustine to Thomas Aquinas and Dante to >Marsilius of Padua._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
Leviathan: With selected variants from the Latin edition of 1668 Cambridge 1994
Geschichte des politischen Denkens München 2016