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Participation: Participation in society is the involvement of individuals in the social, political, and economic life of their communities. See also Community, Society, Altruism.
Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

Author Concept Summary/Quotes Sources

Carole Pateman on Participation - Dictionary of Arguments

Brocker I 510
Participation/Pateman: "The existence of a democratic community therefore requires the existence of a participatory society, a society in which all political systems have been democratized and socialization through participation can take place in all areas. The most important area is industry" (1).
In doing so, Pateman opposes traditional approaches of democracy theory that reduce the questions of democracy to the political. PatemanVsSchumpeter, PatemanVsSartori: see Democratic Theory/Sartori
, Democratic Theory/Schumpeter.
Schaal: Pateman does not argue from a socialist perspective, but rather her demand for the extension of democratic mechanisms to non-political areas such as industrial work is based on the systematic explication of the normative ideals of liberalism.
VsPateman: her approach of "quasi-empiracy" is criticized by later authors as not convincing enough. Cf., Schonfeld, 1975, (2), Moon 1972 (3).
Brocker I 514
Pateman/Schaal: Pateman's Participation and Democratic Theory belongs to the canon of modern (english) classics of participatory democracy theory (Held 1987, 254-264 (4)) and was only replaced as a standard work of participatory democracy theory by Benjamin Barbers Strong Democracy in 1984.

1. Carole Pateman, Participation and Democratic Theory, Cambridge 1970, S. 43
2. Schonfeld, William R., »The Meaning of Democratic Participation«, in: World Politics 28/1, 1975, 134-158.
3. Moon, J. Donald, »Participation and Democracy. A Review Essay«, in: Midwest Journal of Political Science 16/3, 1972, 473-485.
4. David Held, David, Models of Democracy, Cambridge 1987.

Gary S. Schaal, “Carole Pateman, Participation and Democratic Theory” in: Manfred Brocker (Hg.) Geschichte des politischen Denkens. Das 20. Jahrhundert. Frankfurt/M. 2018

Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments
The note [Concept/Author], [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] resp. "problem:"/"solution:", "old:"/"new:" and "thesis:" is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.

PolPate I
Carole Pateman
Political Culture, Political Structure and Political Change 1971

Brocker I
Manfred Brocker
Geschichte des politischen Denkens. Das 20. Jahrhundert Frankfurt/M. 2018

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