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J.-J. Rousseau: Jean-Jacques Rousseau (1712 – 1778) was a Swiss-born philosopher, writer, and composer. He is best known for his influential works on political philosophy, such as The Social Contract (1762), and for his novel Émile, or On Education (1762). Rousseau's writings had a profound impact on the French Revolution and on the development of modern political thought. Major works include A Discourse on the Sciences and Arts (1750), Discourse on Inequality (1755), Julie, or the New Héloïse (1761), Confessions (1782–1789).
Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

Author Concept Summary/Quotes Sources

Immanuel Kant on Rousseau - Dictionary of Arguments

Höffe I 284
Rousseau/Kant/Höffe: Autonomy: Kant's moral-philosophical idea of self-legislation, autonomy, goes back to a passage in the social contract(1) according to which obedience to the self-given law is freedom.
Freedom: As with Rousseau, but also with other forerunners, freedom, according to Kant, is not acquired but innate, for it precedes all legal acts.
Religion/Belief: The thought from Kant's writing “The Religion” within the limits of mere reason, that the moral religion of good conduct surpasses any religion of "favouritism", has correspondences in Rousseau's social contract.
History/Development: Kant refers to Rousseau in the historical-philosophical assertion that we are "highly cultivated by art and science," but that "much is still missing" for moralization.
Constitution: Last but not least, he considers a republican state constitution an essential goal of human development.

1. Rousseau, The Social Contract (Du contrat social ou Principes du droit politique), 1762, I, 8

Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments
The note [Concept/Author], [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] resp. "problem:"/"solution:", "old:"/"new:" and "thesis:" is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
I. Kant
I Günter Schulte Kant Einführung (Campus) Frankfurt 1994
Externe Quellen. ZEIT-Artikel 11/02 (Ludger Heidbrink über Rawls)
Volker Gerhard "Die Frucht der Freiheit" Plädoyer für die Stammzellforschung ZEIT 27.11.03
Höffe I
Otfried Höffe
Geschichte des politischen Denkens München 2016

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