Economics Dictionary of Arguments

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Government: Government is the system or group of people governing an organized community, generally a state. It is responsible for making and enforcing laws, providing public services, and maintaining order. See also Governance, State, Community, Society.
Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

Author Concept Summary/Quotes Sources

Antonio Gramsci on Government - Dictionary of Arguments

Brocker I 712
Rule/GramsciVsMarx/Gramsci: Gramsci argues for a complex relationship between rule and subordination. ((s) This probably means a multi-layered view of this problem).
Gramsci thesis: a subaltern group is not only marginalized by economic conditions, but is affected by heterogeneous exclusions. Gramsci alternately calls the suppressed classes "classi subalterne", "classi subordinate" and "classi strumentali". This differentiation can only be understood in connection with the dominant social groups. The dominant social groups realize their historical unity in the state, i.e. in the combination of political and civil society.
In contrast, the subaltern classes form a fragmented grouping characterized by a lack of autonomy and structural and economic exclusion.
Solution/Gramsci: the political goal is to overcome the fragmentation of the subaltern groups through organization and through an alliance between workers and rural masses.(1)
>Ch. Spivak

1. Vgl. Antonio Gramsci, Gefängnishefte, Kritische Gesamtausgabe, Bd. 9. Hefte 22 bis 29, hg.v. Wolfgang Fritz Haug/Klaus Bochmann, Hamburg 1999 (ital. zuerst 1934).

Nikita Dhawan, Gayatri Chakravorty Spivak “Can the subaltern speak?” in: Manfred Brocker (Hg.) Geschichte des politischen Denkens. Das 20. Jahrhundert. Frankfurt/M. 2018

Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments
The note [Concept/Author], [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] resp. "problem:"/"solution:", "old:"/"new:" and "thesis:" is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.

PolGram I
Antonio Gramsci
Quaderni del carcere, 1948-1951 - Selections from the Prison Notebooks of Antonio Gramsci. Eds. Geoffrey N. Smith/Quintin Hoare, 1971
German Edition:
Gefängnishefte Hamburg 1999

Brocker I
Manfred Brocker
Geschichte des politischen Denkens. Das 20. Jahrhundert Frankfurt/M. 2018

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