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Tyranny: A tyranny is a form of government in which a ruler holds absolute power and exercises it in an oppressive and cruel manner. In a tyranny, the ruler's power is not constrained by law or other institutions. See also Dictatorship, State.
Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

Author Concept Summary/Quotes Sources

Aristotle on Tyranny - Dictionary of Arguments

Gaus I 314
Tyranny/Aristotle/Keyt/Miller: (Despotiké is the adjective of despotés, 'master (of slaves)'. The subjects under despotic constitutions (democracy, oligarchy, and tyranny in Aristotle's view) are thus taken to be virtual slaves. Since most constitutions in the fourth century BC were democracies, oligarchies, or tyrannies, it is implied that almost everyone outside a ruling circle was a virtual slave.
According to this analysis constitutions that are based on force (Pol. III.3.1276a12-13, 10.1281a23-4) and are contrary to nature (Pol. III.17.1287b37-41) are despotic (despotikai) (Pol. III.7.1279a21).

Pol: Aristotle Politics

Keyt, David and Miller, Fred D. jr. 2004. „Ancient Greek Political Thought“. In: Gaus, Gerald F. & Kukathas, Chandran 2004. Handbook of Political Theory. SAGE Publications

Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments
The note [Concept/Author], [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] resp. "problem:"/"solution:", "old:"/"new:" and "thesis:" is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.

Gaus I
Gerald F. Gaus
Chandran Kukathas
Handbook of Political Theory London 2004

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