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Education policy: Education policy refers to the set of principles, rules, and strategies established by governments or institutions to guide the administration and development of education systems. It encompasses decisions on curriculum standards, funding, teaching methods, access to education, and reforms aimed at improving learning outcomes and addressing societal needs within a country or region. See also education, Politics, Society, State (Polity).
Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

Author Concept Summary/Quotes Sources

United States on Education Policy - Dictionary of Arguments

Haslam I 217
Educational Policies/United States: In 1954, the landmark Brown v. Board of Education US Supreme Court case no longer allowed ‘separate but equal’ racial segregation in the schools. In the mid-1960s, the United States adopted sweeping civil rights legislation. In the aftermath, the decade of the 1970s was a period of experimentation with concrete policies to implement these principles.
School busing, in which African American and White students were transported to predominantly White or African American schools respectively, was one way that public (state) schools were racially desegregated. Busing to achieve desegregation, though, was highly contested politically and often opposed by communities (…). these efforts were challenged in terms both of the seemingly more limited academic achievement of African American and White students in newly desegregated schools and the social friction that busing caused in these schools.
It was in the context of this national controversy and unrest that Elliot Aronson and his students initiated their work on the jigsaw classroom. >Jigsaw method/Aronson; Cf. Aronson et al. (1978)(1).

1. Aronson, E., Stephan, C., Sikes, J., Blaney, N. and Snapp, M. (1978) The Jigsaw Classroom. Beverly Hills, CA: Sage.

John F. Dovidio, „ Promoting Positive Intergroup Relations. Revisiting Aronson et al.’s jigsaw classroom“, in: Joanne R. Smith and S. Alexander Haslam (eds.) 2017. Social Psychology. Revisiting the Classic studies. London: Sage Publications

Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments
The note [Concept/Author], [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] resp. "problem:"/"solution:", "old:"/"new:" and "thesis:" is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
United States
Haslam I
S. Alexander Haslam
Joanne R. Smith
Social Psychology. Revisiting the Classic Studies London 2017

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