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Governance: Governance is the process of making and enforcing decisions within an organization or society. It is the system by which power is exercised and controlled. Governance includes the rules, processes, and institutions that guide decision-making. See also Government, Community, Society, Politics, Institutions.
Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

Author Concept Summary/Quotes Sources

Marsilius of Padua on Governance - Dictionary of Arguments

Höffe I 177
Governance/Marsilius/Höffe: With reference to Scripture and the Church Fathers, i.e. the second page of scholastic art of argumentation, [Marsilius] (...) decisively rejects the almost exuberant secular claims to power of the popes contained in the idea of the abundance of violence (plentitudo potestatis). According to Marsilius the power of the priesthood including its head, the Popes called merely "Roman bishops", is limited to their authority to administer the sacraments.
>Christian Church
, >Christianity.
Sacraments/Marsilius: For them he mentions only two sacraments, the altar sacrament and the penitential sacrament, while even the sacrament for entering the circle of the faithful, baptism, is missing.
Baptism/Christianity/Höffe: In fact, according to Christian understanding, baptism need not necessarily be administered by a priest, so the sacrament of baptism does not belong to the exclusive priestly power.

Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments
The note [Concept/Author], [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] resp. "problem:"/"solution:", "old:"/"new:" and "thesis:" is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
Marsilius of Padua
Höffe I
Otfried Höffe
Geschichte des politischen Denkens München 2016

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