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Virtue: Virtues are qualities or character traits that are considered morally good or desirable. Which qualities these are depends in part on the culture. See also ethics, culture, cultural relativism, community, cultural tradition, cultural relativism, universalism.
Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

Author Concept Summary/Quotes Sources

Niccolo Machiavelli on Virtues - Dictionary of Arguments

Höffe I 197
Virtues/Machiavelli/Höffe: True to the tradition of Cicero, Thomas Aquinas and his humanist contemporaries, Machiavelli [lists] numerous praiseworthy qualities. In chapter 18 ((s) of the Prince) he bundles them into five character traits, in "mildness, loyalty, sincerity, humanity and piety".
There are three things that matter:
1. The good qualities are actually required - with shameless cruelty one can achieve power but not fame.
2. One need not really possess the virtues, appearance is enough; as a master of hypocrisy and pretence the successful prince is able to entice people and win them over by acting mendacity.
3. Finally, one has to pay attention and seize the moment in order "not to desist from good for as long as possible, but to turn to evil as soon as it is necessary".
, >Governance/Machiavelli.

1. Machiavelli, N. (2003). The prince (G. Bull, Trans.). Penguin Classics. (Original work published 1532)

Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments
The note [Concept/Author], [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] resp. "problem:"/"solution:", "old:"/"new:" and "thesis:" is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
Machiavelli, Niccolo
Höffe I
Otfried Höffe
Geschichte des politischen Denkens München 2016

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