Thomas More on Utopia - Dictionary of Arguments
Höffe I 203
Utopia/More/Höffe: More [begins] with a criticism of England's social
Höffe I 204
and political grievances. The first book deals with the many wars, the mercilessly harsh criminal law, the growing tax burden, the impoverishment of the (small) middle class and peasantry some of which is due to an increase in criminality.
State/More: (...) [Mores'] draft of an exemplary, not only well-ordered, but also prosperous community borrowed some ideas from Aristotle, Epicurus and especially Plato. But as a whole the draft is new. For example, More applies to the entire citizenry a regulation that Plato proposed only for the political leadership elite:
Money/Private Property/More: Because the "utopians" understand justice as strict equality, they have no private property and need no money. For this very reason, More expects, they live in harmony, they care seriously for the common good and there are neither poor nor beggars.
>Money, >Property, >Justice.
Education/Training: Utopia is a place of agriculture and craftsmanship. Every inhabitant is offered education in public lectures. And without having any knowledge of ancient science, one has arrived at about the same insights in music, dialectics and mathematics.
>Science, >Education, >Education policy.
Science/Knowledge/Universalism: This reveals a universalistic understanding of science that anticipates the Enlightenment: (...) Scientific contents are the same across cultures and epochs.
>Universalism._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments The note [Concept/Author], [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] resp. "problem:"/"solution:", "old:"/"new:" and "thesis:" is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
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