Economics Dictionary of Arguments

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Fascism: Fascism is a form of far-right, authoritarian ultranationalism characterized by dictatorial power, forcible suppression of opposition, and strong regimentation of society. Fascists believe that nations and races are naturally superior to others and that the strong should rule the weak.
Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

Author Concept Summary/Quotes Sources

Stephen Holmes on Fascism - Dictionary of Arguments

Krastev I 57
Fascism/Communism/Krastev/Holmes: In the framework of democratic transitions, it was commonplace to view fascism and communism as two sides of the same totalitarian coin. When it comes to the potentially murderous consequences of the two ideologies and their associated regimes, this is a completely legitimate comparison. But viewing communism and fascism as twins misleadingly suggests that, in the democratic age, nationalism itself (of which fascism is an extreme version and distortion) will eventually fade away just as communism disappeared in 1989–91.
KrastevVs: This was never realistic. The reason is that communism was a radical political experiment based on abolishing inheritable private property, while democracy presupposes the existence of a bounded political community and is therefore inherently national.

Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments
The note [Concept/Author], [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] resp. "problem:"/"solution:", "old:"/"new:" and "thesis:" is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.

LawHolm I
Oliver Wendell Holmes Jr.
The Common Law Mineola, NY 1991

Krastev I
Ivan Krastev
Stephen Holmes
The Light that Failed: A Reckoning London 2019

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