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Dictatorship: A dictatorship is a form of government in which one person or a small group of people have absolute power, without any checks or balances. Dictators typically come to power through force or fraud, and they often use intimidation, terror, and the suppression of basic civil liberties to maintain their rule. See also Tyranny, Governance, State.
Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

Author Concept Summary/Quotes Sources

Daniel Ziblatt on Dictatorship - Dictionary of Arguments

Levitsky I 13
Dictatorships/Levitsky/Ziblatt: The open dictatorship, whether in fascist, communist or military form, has almost disappeared worldwide(1). Military coups and other violent seizures of power have become rare. Regular elections are held in most countries. Democracies continue to die, but in a different way. Since the end of the Cold War, most democratic collapses have been caused not by generals and soldiers but by elected governments(2).
Levitsky I 14
Many [of the] state steps to undermine democracy are "legal" in that they are sanctioned by the legislature and approved by the courts. They can even be presented as efforts to strengthen democracy, for example, to make the judiciary more efficient, fight corruption or make the election process more transparent. Newspapers continue to appear, but the publishing houses change hands or are forced to self-censor.

1. Steven Levitsky/Lucan A. Way, Competitive Authoritarianism. Hybrid Regimes After the Cold War, New York 2010; siehe auch Scott Mainwaring/Aníbal Pérez-Liñán, Democracies and Dictatorships in Latin America. Emergence, Survival, and Fall, New York 2014.
2. Huq/Ginsburg, »How to Lose a Constitutional Democracy«, p. 36.

Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments
The note [Concept/Author], [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] resp. "problem:"/"solution:", "old:"/"new:" and "thesis:" is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
Ziblatt, Daniel

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